The four models of curriculum described in the article are curriculum as a syllabus, curriculum as product, curriculum as process, and curriculum as praxis. Curriculum as a syllabus is good for keeping learning structured as it requires a set plan laid out in a syllabus. This model of curriculum also tends to rely on a text book which contains all (or at least most) of the information to be taught. However this model of curriculum doesn’t necessarily lead to a deeper understanding because it is so structured.

Curriculum as product is a more practical model of curriculum as it is intended to develop skills for real life. However while this model might be good for job training in a classroom students would miss out on a lot of knowledge about the world around them.

Curriculum as process is great for developing a deeper understanding of what is being taught. In this model the teacher encourages learning through interaction. It does require the teacher to be prepared and able to think critically, but by interacting with the students and conversing with them on the subject a deeper understanding is achieved.

Curriculum as praxis is a more developed version of the process model. In this model you still have that interaction and discussion, but you also have action and review. In other words you discuss, then practice, and then you reflect on what you did so as to build on what you have learned. This ensures adeeper understanding of subject material and can also help students develop skills.

In my own schooling the most common model was probably curriculum as a syllabus. Classes almost always had a set plan to get everyone through the semester and ensure everyone learns what they need to learn. Of course text books were also very common. Having the text book was nice as it was a constant point of reference, so if I was having trouble I could look back. That being said in my weaker subjects like math the text book was not much help as I often struggled to understand course material and instead would go to the teacher for help. Another common model was curriculum as praxis, which was most often seen in drama class. In drama we would often be taught something about performance which we would practice and then reflect on what we had done to better ourselves. This was also often done in preparation for a performance. We would learn the script, take the skills we had developed, practice/ rehearse, and then reflect to get ready for the performance.